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Salt adaptation for sustainable agricultural development
under climate change effects


Aswan, Egypt



Delphy (lead), The Salt Doctors, Aswan University.

This project is part of the Orange Knowledge Programme which is funded by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs and managed by Nuffic.



1 year, 2022

Project description:

This tailor-made training will establish a more productive, sustainable and resilient agricultural system by:


- Improving skills and knowledge of Aswan University’s staff on Climate-Smart Agriculture.

Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) combines water efficiency with an investigation of crop resilience and adaptation to climate change to reduce the carbon dioxide footprint of the entire agricultural value chain.

Another part of the training focuses on water management and efficient irrigation.


- Improving skills and knowledge of Aswan University staff on Saline Agriculture.

Also related to the point above, water scarcity can have salinization as a result.

Saline agriculture enables using saline soil or water, making it able to reduce the demand for freshwater for agriculture.


According to the FAO, all drainage water in Upper Egypt (south of Egypt) flows back into the Nile, this results in an increase of the water salinity due to the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides.


Farmers in Aswan can’t afford post-treatment to decrease salinity as in lower Egypt.

Besides the hot climate increases the salinity naturally in the soil. Therefore, salinity is a major issue for the whole Egypt and the combination of CSA and saline agriculture can be a solution for this issue.

This reflects in sustainable, resilient and water efficiency farm systems that also improve the productivity of the agricultural sector.


Tailor-made training is given on specific the above-mentioned topics, where adequate knowledge, experience and skills are lacking.

The training sessions use three teaching methods: theory, practice, and knowledge transfer of the participants themselves to their students.

This will result in more efficient dissemination of in-depth knowledge on climate smart and saline agriculture.



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